Nepal has the world’s highest number of earthquakes, with 7,521 recorded in January 2018
The earthquake in Nepal was the largest in decades, with a magnitude of 7.3 and a depth of 5km.
In January 2018, the country recorded 7,513 earthquakes, the third-largest in the world behind the U.S. and Indonesia.
Nepal has reported more than 3,600 after a series of earthquakes over the past several months.
The quake also struck in the capital Kathmandu, the capital of the Himalayan kingdom of Nepal, and the southern district of Bali, which is home to the world-famous Bali rock formation.
According to the US Geological Survey, the earthquake was centred near the town of Banten, about 25km (15 miles) north of Kathmandum.
The quake hit at 6:20pm local time (10:20am GMT), and had a depth around 2.7km (1.6 miles).
It was felt as far away as Mumbai, where it was felt by the world media.
Nepal is also the home of the Bali-based rock formation known as Baliwadi.
There were also reports of landslides in the area, and several deaths, the AFP news agency reported.
“There are many people who are very scared, so many people are trying to escape,” one man told the AFP.
“There is no food, and there is no electricity.
People are sleeping in the streets, which makes it more difficult.”
The epicentre of the quake was at a depth about 1.8km (0.9 miles) below the surface.
The area was in the foothills of the Ganges River valley, according to the Himalayas Centre for Disaster Mitigation and Prevention (HCPP), an organisation monitoring the area.
Kathmandu has seen dozens of aftershocks, including in the past two years, when a 7.0-magnitude quake hit there in November 2019.
Since then, there have been multiple aftershoots.
A 7.5-manga quake in July 2018 killed at least nine people, including at least 11 Nepalese, while a 7-mafouqu quake struck the same month, killing more than 200 people.