US-Iran deal: What you need to know

US President Donald Trump has reached an agreement to curtail Tehran’s nuclear program and allow it to spend more time in the United States.

The deal, which was announced on Monday by US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif, caps a two-year extension of Iran’s interim nuclear agreement. 

Under the deal, Tehran is required to limit its enrichment program by about 1,000 times by 2028 and to shut down any enrichment plants and shut down all its facilities by 2035.

The nuclear deal, signed by Trump and his predecessor, Barack Obama, has been an international embarrassment for the US. 

The deal has not yet been ratified by Congress, so the fate of the deal depends on the Senate, which is currently under Republican control.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani speaks during an event with the US President, Donald Trump, in the East Room of the White House in Washington, DC, September 29, 2018.US President Donald J. Trump has already signaled he will not certify Iran’s compliance with the deal as long as Tehran is allowed to enrich uranium.

“The agreement is going to stay on until the end of time,” Trump told reporters on Sunday, saying he did not want the US to get into a race with Iran.

The US-led international coalition against Iran has repeatedly said it is not ready to lift sanctions on Tehran until the nuclear deal is fully implemented.

The United Nations Security Council passed a resolution on Sunday condemning Iran’s “dangerous behaviour” and called for a “zero-tolerance approach” to Tehran’s ballistic missile programme.

The new accord will also allow Iran to conduct limited military exercises and a number of military activities, including missile and nuclear-capable bombers.

The new deal is part of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty and is expected to reduce tensions between the US and Iran.

“This agreement is a big step forward for our relationship,” said Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Bahram Qasemi.

“Iran is not going to let the agreement pass by without a fight.”

“We are committed to maintaining the security of the Islamic Republic of Iran and will continue to stand firm in its defense,” he said.

Iran’s President Hassan Hassan Rouhani poses with Iranian President Hassan Rohani, Iranian and Syrian Kurdish fighters, members of the Iranian-Kurdish armed forces, and members of Iran-backed militia in Tehran on October 5, 2020.

Iran will not be able to acquire enough nuclear material to produce a bomb, but the nuclear agreement gives Tehran more flexibility to do so.

“Iran is the only country that can produce enough material to make a bomb,” Iranian President Hasan Rouhani said in an address to his nation on Saturday.

“We are confident that if we continue the work in this field, Iran will be able make a nuclear weapon within five years.”